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ADHD (in Children)
Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) previously called Attention deficit disorder (ADD) is a common disorder of children, affecting approximately 2-16% of them at school age. ADHD is diagnosed more often in boys than girls, though some studies show this might be due to a bias in those reporting the appearance of symptoms.

Children and teens with ADHD, especially when untreated, are more likely to take risks, fail in school, and have difficulties in interpersonal relationships. Teens with ADHD are up to four times a likely to be involved in a driving accident, and get three times as many speeding tickets. Despite controversy in the media about ADHD in children, the American Psychiatric Association, American Medical Association, National Institute of Mental Health, and many practicing psychiatrists, verify that ADHD is a very real and potentially life-disrupting disorder.

Children with untreated ADHD are more likely to be obese, smoke, suffer from major depression, and attempt suicide than the general population. If your child has symptoms suggesting ADHD the best way to proceed would be to ask for a psychiatric consult.

ADHD (in Adults)
Adults with ADHD are usually unable to pay attention or concentrate for long periods of time, are often hyperactive and have a tendency for impulsivity.

There is no single cause of attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder, though there are many possible causes that have been shown to increase the likelihood that symptoms will arise. Most recent research suggests that ADHD is genetic. Several environmental and lifestyle factors can worsen ADHD.

ADHD has much of the same treatment options whether it is present in an adult or a child. However, the way treatment is approached is quite different.

ADHD Medication
Adults may be taking medication for other problems, such as high blood pressure, diabetes, or heart diseases, therefore your psychiatrist will take extra care when deciding upon the course of treatment.

ADHD Therapy
Psychotherapy, such as cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT), is also used in treatment. Your psychiatrist may help develop organizational strategies to manage daily tasks, and also create strategies to improve self-image and interpersonal relationships that are affected.

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